Gardening will not become a success if your plants are not well taken care of. Picking the proper type of soil is very important. Here are some of the most common soil types used for gardening.
Topsoil. This is the most common type of soil used in gardens. It has the ability to drain water and is light in texture. Because of its versatility, it can be used anywhere there is water or mud in the ground.
Sand. Sand is a kind of clay that can be very light or very heavy. In a typical garden, and is used for planting. It has enough drainage for planting in watery conditions but will do better when planted in areas with clay.
Lime or Limestone. A kind of limestone or lime that is used in many gardens. It is porous, so it will drain water well but is also good in acidic soils that are more water-conserving.
Black Rock. It is also known as sedimentary rock. It comes from geological formations in sedimentary basins where the bed is laid down over time and gravity does the work. The black rock consists of small solid particles that have no way to settle, making them impossible to separate out.
Sand and silt. Sand and silt are a mixture of particles that are loose, somewhat flakey, and compact. Because of their loose structure, they are able to soak up water better than sand and clay. However, sand and silt can clump together if not carefully combined. They also do not attract soil insects.
Clay and silt. These two are similar to each other because they are both loose compact and absorb water like silt. They can also clump together as in the case of sand and silt.
Butternut and perennial dandelions. These two types of soil differ in texture and consistency. Butternut is typically higher in calcium than dandelions, while dandelions are lower in calcium.
Clay and plastic mulch. This is a mix of fine-grained clay and plastic. It absorbs moisture better than clay and silt, but not as well as sand and silt. The plastic does not break up as easily as plastic.
Soil mixture with rich humus. This kind of soil has a very high organic content, especially hummus. It is ideal for planting in clay, as well as being low in calcium.
Weeding and planting. This is the easiest part of planting a garden because you only need to clear away unwanted weeds. Then, place the desired plants.