While acid reflux is one of the most common digestive disorders in the world, there is no simple remedy for it. Several varieties of the condition exist, and treatment depends on the cause. In this article, you will learn more about the three main types of acid reflux disease.
Acid reflux is usually caused by an abnormality in the lining of the esophagus. This lining acts as a barrier between food and the stomach and is called the lower esophageal sphincter. As the upper esophageal sphincter relaxes, it may allow food to flow up the esophagus, sometimes causing ulcers and ulcerations to form. Once the ulceration occurs, the healing process goes into reverse, and the patient must seek other remedies.
The reflux from the stomach itself can be caused by many factors. When the sphincter relaxes too much, the contents of the stomach fall down, causing a burning sensation on the throat and in the back of the throat. Some medications may also cause reflux from the stomach, so it is best to avoid taking them if possible.
Alcohol may cause reflux by weakening the muscles surrounding the stomach. People who consume large amounts of alcohol often find that they develop chronic reflux from the stomach. This is because of the alcoholic’s lack of control over their stomach.
Another cause of acid reflux is trauma to the esophagus. Damage may occur during childbirth, or even during a recent surgery. Other possible causes include viral infections, such as flu, the common cold, and hepatitis. Certain drugs, such as those used to treat asthma, may also lead to reflux from the stomach.
Reflux is more commonly caused by the number of times the food passes down the esophagus. Usually, the refluxes are controlled by the lower esophageal sphincter. If the lower esophageal sphincter relaxes too much, it will allow the stomach contents to flow down the esophagus. For example, many people will experience acid reflux after eating a large meal.
When reflux is caused by trauma to the esophagus, it is known as “Esophagitis.” This condition usually causes pain in the upper chest. In severe cases, the walls of the esophagus may become damaged, and the acid may be able to travel through the mouth and reach the throat. Esophagitis is usually accompanied by coughing and hoarseness.
Diet is also a cause of acid reflux. Certain foods, such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and green peppers, are known to cause reflux. Food allergies can also lead to reflux, as the body reacts to food ingredients not found in the diet.
There are several types of reflux. The most common type is gastroesophageal reflux. In this type, the contents of the stomach and esophagus are refluxed into the esophagus and can lead to serious problems with swallowing.
Chronic reflux from the stomach is the second most common type. In this type, the acid builds up in the esophagus, causing the symptoms of heartburn, that is, the burning sensation that usually accompanies the burning sensation associated with acid reflux.
The most common type of acid reflux is the classic form. This is also the least serious form since the majority of patients respond well to preventative measures. However, some patients do require medication, as well as careful diet and lifestyle changes.